In this work we investigate the feasibility and optimisation pathways for using oxide-filled consumable electrodes as both ore feeding system and reducing/melting arc carrier in the hydrogen plasma smelting reduction process. Similar in nature to Söderberg-type electrodes, but free of C-containing substances, this approach has the potential advantage of eliminating the carbon emissions stemming from conventional electric arc furnace electrodes while drastically simplifying the ore feeding into the process. Using a commercial welding setup with a 1.2 mm thick oxide-cored steel wire, area investigations indicate that approximately 50% of the introduced iron ore could be reduced to metallic iron at 100 A arc current under an Ar-10% H2 atmosphere independent from deposition time. The reduction efficiency was negatively affected by increasing arc current and it was increased by using the wire as the anode. Based on the performed variation ofdeposition parameters, microstructural characterisation results, high speed footage and first upscaling trials, the key scientific questions and engineering pathways for technological optmisiation towards future green steel production technology are outlined and discussed.
Source: H. Springer1, I. R. Souza Filho, L. Choisez M.A. Zarl, C. Quick, A. Horn, J. Schenk (2023): Iron ore wires as consumable electrodes for the hydrogen plasma smelting reduction in future green steel production. In: Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 39, April 2024, e00785